Setting up a radio station
Radio broadcasting that lasts more than three months requires a programme licence. FICORA announces that a licence is available for application either
- when a licence period ends
- when frequencies become available, or
- when new frequencies can be made available.
An application fee of EUR 1,500 is charged for licence applications.
A radio broadcaster who has a programme licence is obliged to pay an annual supervision fee of television and radio operations. The supervision fee for national or equivalent operations is EUR 8,000 and for regional or local operations EUR 800 for each composition of radio programmes in accordance with the licence.
The Act on the Exercise of Freedom of Expression in Mass Media (460/2003) prescribes that a broadcast programme must be retained for 21 days. The premises where the record is retained must be mentioned in the application.
Analogue radio broadcasting that lasts no more than three months can be carried out without a programme licence. Also, small-scale radio broadcasting that is carried out within a limited area does not require a programme licence. A radio licence is always needed for the transmitter.
FICORA does not grant short-term radio licences for sound broadcast transmitters for consecutive periods of three months. Two consecutive licence periods must be separated by a gap of two months.
The premises where the record of a broadcast programme is retained must also be mentioned in the application for short-term radio broadcasting.
Radio transmitters require a radio licence
In addition, a radio transmitter needs a radio licence that determines, for example,
- the assigned frequency
- the maximum radiation power allowed, i.e. ERP (the antenna's power, not the transmitter's)
- the maximum antenna height allowed, and
- the location of the antenna mast.
The aim is
to grant the radio licence with parameters specified in the application as long
as operating the transmitter with the parameters does not cause unreasonable
interference to other radiocommunication. International agreements specify in
detail the conditions for using a radio transmitter without a separate
agreement with neighbouring countries.
A valid licence is the requirement for granting a radio licence for a transmitter used for other purposes than short-term or small-scale broadcasting.
An annual frequency fee will be charged for the radio licence.
Extremely low-power radio transmitters with the maximum radiation power of 50 nW are exempted from licensing.
Links to the licence applications can be found in the section Our services.
Digital radio broadcasting
There are no networks for digital audio broadcasting in Finland, but digital radio broadcasting can be carried out in a television network. A programme licence is required for digital radio broadcasting, too. The television network operator is responsible for operating the transmitter and thus also for the radio licence.
The supervision fee to be paid by a licence holder carrying out radio operations in a television network only is EUR 8,000 per year for each composition of radio programmes in accordance with the licence.