Television and radio broadcasting and provision of distribution network services
The Finnish Broadcasting Company Ltd (YLE) has a special right to carry out public service television and radio broadcasting without a licence.
Television broadcasting in a terrestrial television network requires a programme licence. The programme licence is granted by FICORA.
The provision of a network service in a terrestrial television network or, in practice, operating a distribution network and selling its capacity, requires a network licence from the Government. If the provision of network services is a short-term activity, the network licences are granted by FICORA.
Programme licences for broadcasting in Åland are granted by the Government of Åland
Cable television and telecommunications notifications
Television or radio broadcasting that is not subject to a licence has to be notified to FICORA before beginning the operations.
Operating a mass communications network or, in other words, providing network services for the transmission or provision of television and radio programmes, also requires the operator to submit a telecommunications notification to FICORA.
A notification does not have to be submitted if the operations are:
- temporary in nature;
- aimed at a small audience; or
- otherwise of minor significance (the turnover of a company's telecommunications operations in Finland is less than EUR 300,000 in a year).
Radio and television stations need transmitters. The possession and use of a transmitter requires a radio licence that is granted by FICORA. The licence details the radio technical parameters related to broadcasting, such as mast location, transmission power and antenna height.