Television and radio broadcasting and provision of distribution network services

The provision of television and radio contents and distribution network services may be subject to either a licence or a notification. TV and sound broadcasting transmitters are also subject to a radio licence from FICORA.

The Finnish Broadcasting Company Ltd (YLE) has a special right to carry out public service television and radio broadcasting without a licence. Commercial TV broadcasters need programming licences for their programmes transmitted on multiplexes.

Programme licence and network licence

Television broadcasting in a terrestrial television network requires a programme licence. The programme licence is granted by FICORA.

In January 2017, FICORA granted programming licences for the DNA’s VHF network and the local UHF multiplex of the Ostrobothnia region. These licences are in force until 2027. At the same time, the Government granted programming licences for the UHF network where there was not sufficient transmission capacity for all applicants. The multiplexes are not specified in the programming licences which means that the TV broadcasters can agree with distribution operator, within the capacity of the multiplexes, on the multiplexes and coverage areas of their programmes. You can see the programme coverage of each station in Digita's map service.

The provision of a network service in a terrestrial television network or, in practice, operating a distribution network and selling its capacity, requires a network licence from the Government. If the provision of network services is a short-term activity, the network licences are granted by FICORA.

Programme licences for broadcasting in Åland are granted by the Government of Åland

Cable television and telecommunications notifications

Television or radio broadcasting that is not subject to a licence has to be notified to FICORA before beginning the operations.

Operating a mass communications network or, in other words, providing network services for the transmission or provision of television and radio programmes, also requires the operator to submit a telecommunications notification to FICORA.

A notification does not have to be submitted if the operations are:

  • temporary in nature;
  • aimed at a small audience; or
  • otherwise of minor significance (the turnover of a company's telecommunications operations in Finland is less than EUR 300,000 in a year).

Radio licence

Radio and television stations need transmitters. The possession and use of a transmitter requires a radio licence that is granted by FICORA. The licence details the radio technical parameters related to broadcasting, such as mast location, transmission power and antenna height.

Key words: Radio , Television

Updated 31.05.2018

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