Terrestrial television distribution and multiplexes
In mainland Finland, TV channels in terrestrial TV networks are distributed in seven different multiplexes (MUX) with national or nearly national coverage. Two companies, Digita Ltd and DNA Ltd, have network licences to the multiplexes, or distribution networks.
In addition to national networks, there are also regional multiplexes.
The reception of terrestrial TV broadcasts requires at least a DVB-T receiver. Watching DVB-T2 broadcasts requires a receiver compatible with the DVB-T2 standard.
Not all programme channels are available all over the country. Broadcasting licences set requirements on how large a share of the population each programme must reach. In practice, the service areas of broadcasts exceed the minimum requirements.
In addition, joint antenna systems are subject to the transmission obligation. This means that a housing company, a real estate company, or any similar administrator of a joint antenna system must ensure that certain programmes and services are available to the users unmodified and simultaneously with the original broadcast.
Read more about the transmission obligation.
The television broadcasts available in Åland are different from those in mainland Finland. In Åland, nine TV channels are available through two multiplexes.