A network licence is needed in order to operate terrestrial television networks, mobile networks and a public authority network.
All long-term licences are granted by the Government. FICORA grants short-term licenses.
The conditions on which an operator may carry out operations in the terrestrial television network or the mobile network are decided in the network licences. The conditions of the licences granted by the Government often relate to
- the construction schedule or the network coverage;
- the technical implementation method;
- non-discrimination in the provision of the network service; or
- the right to be a service operator in one's own network.
A programming licence is needed for broadcasting television and radio programmes in the terrestrial mass communications network. The Finnish Broadcasting Company may carry out radio and television broadcasting operations without a programming licence.
According to section 31 of the Information Society Code (917/2014), a programming licence granted for television or radio broadcasting ceases to be valid if no regular activity in accordance with the licence has been started within six months from the first date of the licence period or if regular broadcasting has been interrupted for a period exceeding 30 days. FICORA supervises the start and continuity of the operations and, if necessary, confirms the lapse of the licence with its decision.
FICORA grants programming licences if it is possible to allocate broadcasting capacity for all applicants. Otherwise, the Government grants the licences.
In addition to a licence, a radio licence granted by FICORA is needed for broadcasts. The Finnish Broadcasting Company also needs a radio licence for analogue radio broadcasts (FM radio network).
FICORA supervises that the licences granted by the Government and the authority itself are complied with. Depending on the licence, the supervision methods are regular reports submitted by the licence holder or case-specific clarifications.
The purpose of the supervision is to provide authorities with general information on the development of the operations and, if necessary, to detect and supervise case-specifically that the licence conditions are appropriately complied with.