Supply of fast broadband in Finland
Published 01.06.2016 | Updated 04.07.2016
A fast fixed broadband connection may be delivered over optical fibre, cable TV network or a short copper local loop. Roughly 52% of Finnish households have access to a fast broadband connection of 100 Mbps. The supply rate of fast broadband using fibre-optic technology is approximately 31%. In terms of all fixed networks of 30 Mbps or more, the broadband supply rate is 58%.
The region with the highest supply rate of fast broadband in Finland is Ostrobothnia where roughly 73% of households have access to a 100 Mbps broadband connection. The runners-up in the supply of 100 Mbps broadband are Uusimaa (65%), Kainuu (61%) and Central Ostrobothnia (60%).
There is more regional variation in the supply rates of fast fibre-optic broadband. The highest supply rate of fibre-optic connections is in Åland (about 58%), followed by Ostrobothnia (55%), Kainuu (51%) and Uusimaa (44%).
FICORA investigated the supply of fast broadband connections in spring 2016. In this connection, fast broadband means a connection that enables data transfer rate of 100 Mbps or more. This investigation was based on a new method of data collection which makes it possible to obtain information on broadband supply per address. This means that the distortive effect of overlapping networks on the overall broadband supply could be eliminated for the first time. Therefore this data is not comparable with the previous year or any other previous publication by FICORA. The definitions of broadband technologies have become more specific and telecom operators generate better quality data. The new method enables obtaining building- and address-specific data on the supply of broadband subscriptions in Finland which can be used for monitoring and statistical purposes in the broadband markets as well as for the supervision duties of authorities.
The maps below depict the supply of fast fixed broadband connections of 100 Mbps as well as fibre-optic broadband by region and municipality. Municipal information are also summarised in a table. The information in the maps and tables are based on the data reported to FICORA by fixed network telecom operators.
Figure 2. Supply of fibre-optic broadband per region.
Municipalities ranked by fast broadband supply
FICORA has listed Finnish municipalities according to the supply rate of fast fixed broadband in the municipality. The municipalities are listed in alphabetical order and also according to all 100 Mbps fixed network technologies and the supply of fibre-optic network. (Updated July 4, 2016)
Figure 3. Supply of 100 Mbps fixed broadband per municipality (according to the municipal division of 2015).
Figure 4. Supply of fibre-optic broadband per municipality (according to the municipal division of 2015).
An objective set in the Digital Agenda of the European Commission states that by 2020, each European household should have access to broadband of 30 Mbps and at least 50% of households should use broadband of 100 Mbps or more. Even though 50% of households have access to a 100 Mbps broadband connection, at the end of 2015 only about one quarter of fixed broadband subscriptions in use had a connection speed of over 100 Mbps. Approximately 15% of consumers have a fixed broadband subscription of over 100 Mbps at home.
Telecom operators with the highest supply rates of fixed network broadband of 100 Mbps
- DNA Oy: 19% with 3% optical fibre
- TeliaSonera Finland Oyj: 18% with 13% optical fibre
- Elisa Oyj: 15% with 10% optical fibre
- Anvia Oyj: 3.5% with 1.5% optical fibre
- Kaisanet Oy: 1.5 %, mainly optical fibre
- Lounea Oy: 1.5 %, mainly optical fibre
- Tampereen Puhelin Oy: 1%, mainly optical fibre
The 100 Mbps broadband supply rate of each company is indicated as a percentage of all Finnish households after the name of the company.
Supply of fast mobile broadband
In the mobile network, a speed of 100 Mbps may be delivered using the LTE technology. Approximately 76% of Finns have access to a 100 Mbps mobile broadband connection. For now LTE network has mainly been built around large cities and population centres. At the end of 2015, the geographic coverage of this network was just over 4%. Using fast mobile broadband may occasionally require a fixed external antenna. The mobile network is more vulnerable to variation in speed caused by the number of users, signal strength and terminal features than the fixed network. Therefore the speed guaranteed by the operator cannot be directly compared with fixed broadband.
The map below shows the coverage area of mobile network enabling a speed of 100 Mbps. The information in the map is based on the data reported to FICORA by mobile network telecom operators. For more detailed information on coverage areas, please visit the availability maps on the telecom operators’ websites.
Further information and definitions
In the fixed network, a broadband connection can be delivered over the fibre-optic network (FTTH/B), cable TV network (DOCSIS 3.x) or short copper loops in the internal network of a building (VDSL2). The analysis of the supply of optical fibre only includes such cases where fibre-optic connections are delivered as Fibre-to-the-Home (FTTH) or Fibre-to-the-Building (FTTB) and where the internal network of the building enables the provision of 100 Mbps connections either over Ethernet or telephone wires. The supply of fixed broadband connections may require minor construction, e.g. burying a building cable on the plot. In the mobile network, a fast broadband connection of 100 Mbps may be delivered using the LTE technology (800, 1800 and 2600 MHz).