Radio licences for research and development

Certain frequencies in frequency ranges that are subject to a licence are reserved for research, development, testing and educational purposes. These frequencies can be used for telecommunications and television broadcasting in research, development, testing and educational activities.

Spectrum use is governed by the use of radio frequencies and the frequency plan for the Government Decree. (In Finnish)

Geographical Areas with restrictions to licenced use

Below are listed in geographical areas is subject to restrictions of mobile networks use the spectrum unless otherwise specified by the Finnish Communications Regulatory Authority.

Area A: Rectangle, whose vertices are 24E3636 / 60N1658, 24E5226 / 60N1658, 24E5226 / 24E3636 60N0940 and / 60N0940.
The following restrictions apply to municipalities or parts thereof: Espoo, Kauniainen, Helsinki and Vantaa.
Area B: The circle, whose center is the 23E5157 / 61N2603 and radius 4 km. The following restrictions apply to municipalities or parts thereof: Lempäälä, Kangasala and Tampere.
Area C: The circle, whose center is the 23E4601 / 61N2909 and the radius of 4 km. The following restrictions apply to municipalities or parts thereof: Print and Tampere.
Area D: A triangle with vertices are 25E2151 / 65N0607, 25E3900 / 25E3124 65N0413 and / 64N5838. The following restrictions apply to municipalities or parts thereof: Haukipudas, Kiiminki and Oulu.
Area E: A circle, whose center is the 23E0651 / 60N2253 and radius 4 km. Restrictions on the part of the municipality of Salo.
Area F: A circle, whose center is the 23E0408 / 60N2519 and radius 4 km. Restrictions on the part of the municipality of Salo.

The second-generation mobile networks (GSM)

The following restrictions apply to frequencies, which are assigned to R & D, testing and educational activities:

Area A, B, C, E, F: frequencies from 1732.5 to 1737.5 MHz / 1827.5 to 1832.5 MHz (GSM radio channels 624 - 648), and the frequencies from 1782.3 to 1784.9 MHz / 1877.3 to 1879.9 MHz (GSM radio channels 873-885).
Area D: frequencies 1731.7 to 1738.3 MHz / 1826.7 to 1833.3 MHz (GSM radio channels 620-652), as well as the frequencies 1781.7 to 1784.9 MHz / 1876.7 to 1879.9 MHz (GSM radio channels 870-885).

Third-generation mobile networks (UMTS)

The following restrictions apply to frequencies, which are assigned to R & D, testing and educational activities:

Area A: frequencies of 1937.6 / 2127.6 MHz (UARFCN1 10638), 1942.4 / 2132.4 MHz (UARFCN 10662) and 1977.6 / 2167.6 MHz (UARFCN 10838)
Area B: frequencies of 1937.6 / 2127.6 MHz (UARFCN 10638) and 1942.4 / 2132.4 MHz (UARFCN 10662).
Area C: frequencies of 1937.6 / 2127.6 MHz (UARFCN 10 638), and 1942.4 / 2132.4 MHz (UARFCN 10 662).
Area D: frequencies of 1937.6 / 2127.6 MHz (UARFCN 10 638), 1942.4 / 2132.4 MHz (UARFCN 10 662), and 1977.6 / 2167.6 MHz (UARFCN 10 838).
Area E: frequencies of 1937.6 / 2127.6 MHz (UARFCN 10638) and 1977.6 / 2167.6 MHz (UARFCN 10838).

The terrestrial systems capable of providing electronic communications services (ECS)

The following restrictions apply to the frequency bands, which are assigned to R & D, testing and educational activities:

Area A: frequencies of 2560-2570 MHz / 2680-2690 MHz and 2570-2585 MHz.
Area B:
frequencies of 2540-2550 MHz / 2660-2670 MHz and 2570-2585 MHz.
Area D: frequencies of 2520-2530 MHz / 2640-2650 MHz and 2570-2585 MHz.
Area E: frequencies of 2500-2510 MHz / 2620-2630 MHz and 2570-2585 MHz.

Restrictions apply on geographical areas A, B, D and E for the frequency band 3495-3505 MHz, which is addressed to the R & D, testing and educational activities.

Television broadcasting frequency bands

Below are listed in geographical areas are restricted television in the frequency bands allocated for use:

  • Region I: The circle, whose center is 24E5522 / 60N0950 (ICO) and the radius of 10 km. Limitations of the parts of the municipalities of Espoo and Helsinki, Finland
  • Region I: The circle, whose center is 22E2010 / 60N2650 (ICO) and the radius of 9 km. Limitations of the parts of the municipalities of Kaarina, Lieto, Väståboland, Raisio, Rusko, and Turku.
  • Area H to license for the television channels may not be 22, 23 and 41 cause a greater field strength than the 56 dBuV / m (1 per cent of the time, 50 percent of the seats), measured at 10 meters above the ground. In product development, research and educational use is permitted within H be placed transmitters on television channels 22, 23 and 41, so that each channel area surrounded by a line 10 feet above ground level measured field strength does not exceed 78 dBuV / m (50 percent of the time, 50 percent of the seats).
  • In Division I to license for the television channels may not be 38 and 48 result in a higher field strength than the 56 dBuV / m (1 per cent of the time, 50 percent of the seats), measured at 10 meters above the ground. In product development, research and educational use is permitted in region I be placed transmitters on television channels 38 and 48, so that each channel area surrounded by a line 10 feet above ground level measured field strength does not exceed 78 dBuV / m (50 percent of the time, 50 percent of the seats).

For the conformity of radio transmitters

Radio transmitters must conform to requirements. However, a radio transmitter may be used for radio communications if

  • no radio licence is required for its use on the basis of section 39(6)–(9) of the Information Society Code or
  • FICORA has granted a radio licence referred to in section 39(1) for its possession and use in research and development activities concerning radio equipment or a comparable, still valid radio licence by virtue of section 7(1) of the Act on Radio Frequencies and Telecommunications Equipment.


Key words: Spectrum, Networks, Telecommunications, Licences


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