Radio networks for trade and industry
Private radio networks include, for example, networks for the following applications:
- PMR radiotelephones
- on-site paging
- data transmission
- remote control and telecommand
- radio control devices.
Radio licences are granted to private radio networks on the basis of case-by-case frequency planning. The licence and frequencies are granted for a specific geographical area, such as a municipality, based on the customer's needs. When granting licences, FICORA takes into account the sufficient availability and efficient use of frequencies.
A licence for a private radio network may also be granted for common channels that cover all of Finland. The common channels are only intended for trade, business and professional communications. The right to use the channels applies to all of Finland and the channels are in common use.
The common channels in the 68–72 MHz frequency range can be used for professional and hobby communications. Trade and industry may also use licence-exempt radio equipment.
Licences for fixed radio networks that use radio modems are granted on the basis of case-by-case frequency planning. These networks include radio networks that are used in control, alarm, telemetry, telecommand and data transmission applications and consist exclusively of fixed radio modems or similar radio equipment.
Ground probing radars (GPR) and wall probing radars (WPR) are used for examining soil composition or the internal structure of various materials. The radars operate in the frequency range 30 MHz–12.4 GHz. The same frequencies are also used for many other radiocommunication services. To prevent and investigate possible interference cases, the use of ground and wall probing radars requires a licence. The radio licence may also include restrictions and special conditions on the use of the equipment.