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In Finland, legislation on the placement on the market and use of radio equipment is laid down in the Information Society Code.
As of 13 June 2016, radio equipment is placed on the European market in accordance with the Radio Equipment Directive (RED) 2014/53/EU. During the transitional period, 13 June 2016–12 June 2017, radio equipment can also be placed on the market in accordance with the repealed Radio & Telecommunications Terminal Equipment Directive R&TTED 1999/5/EC. Only RED-compliant radio equipment may be placed on the market in the EU as of 13 June 2017.
Additional information about the changes resulting from the Radio Equipment Directive is available on the ETSI site.
The technical requirements set for radio equipment are related to electromagnetic compatibility, the efficient use of the radio spectrum and safety.
The technical requirements for radio equipment are primarily laid down in harmonised standards. The reference numbers of these standards are published in the Official Journal of the European Union. If there is no harmonised standard for an item of equipment, a notified body specifies the technical requirements for the equipment.
The harmonised standards are published in the Official Journal of the European Union. Regulations and harmonised standards in force can be checked on the website.
ETSI standards can be searched for on the ETSI site.
The EFIS Frequency Information System provides information about the use of radio frequencies in each EU Member State. However, the information should be verified on the website of the frequency administration of the Member State in question. Manufacturers can search for frequency information concerning all Member States from the EFIS system before placing radio equipment on the market and thereby assess whether the radio equipment in question can be used in each Member State and under which conditions.
Additional information about market supervision in the EU and the Radio Equipment Directive is provided on the European Commission website.
Mandatory maritime radio equipment falls within the scope of the Marine Equipment Directive 96/98/EC. As proof of conformity, they bear the wheel mark. The Finnish Transport Safety Agency Trafi is responsible for supervising them.
The type approvals of aeronautical radio equipment are issued by the European Aviation Safety Agency EASA. However, ground-based air traffic management equipment (e.g. VOR, ILS, DME) falls within the scope of the RED 2014/53/EU Directive, and FICORA is responsible for supervising it.
The Blue Guide is the EU's guide on the implementation of product rules. It is a general guide that applies to all product categories and aimed at manufacturers, importers and distributors.