Obligations for manufacturers

The manufacturer of radio equipment must ensure the conformity of the equipment and ensure that all of the required documentation, information and markings are supplied with the equipment.

Manufacturer means any natural or legal person who manufactures radio equipment or has radio equipment designed or manufactured, and markets that equipment under his name or trademark.

The obligations for manufacturers are laid down in the Information Society Code 917/2014 (in Finnish). Certain obligations are imposed on all economic operators.

Before placing radio equipment on the market, the manufacturer must ensure that the radio equipment meets the essential requirements. The conformity of radio equipment must be demonstrated in accordance with the conformity assessment procedure specified in the Radio Equipment Directive. If various configurations or versions have been specified for the radio equipment, the conformity of all of them must be verified separately. Conformity must be ensured in serial production, taking into consideration changes in the design and properties of the radio equipment and harmonised standards or other technical specifications. The conformity assessment must be performed so that it takes into account all of the operating conditions pursuant to the intended use of the radio equipment.

The manufacturer of radio equipment must ensure that the radio equipment can be used in at least one EU Member State in accordance with the requirements for the use of radio frequencies.

  • Before radio equipment is placed on the market, technical documentation with which the manufacturer ensures that the radio equipment is compliant must be drawn up for it. The documentation must contain at least the information specified in Annex V of the Radio Equipment Directive. The technical documentation must be kept up to date and stored for ten years after the radio equipment was placed on the market.
  • After the conformity of the radio equipment has been ensured, the manufacturer must draw up an EU declaration of conformity. Either the full EU declaration of conformity or a simplified declaration must be provided with every item of radio equipment. The simplified EU declaration of conformity must include the exact internet address where the full EU declaration of conformity can be obtained. The EU declaration of conformity must be kept for ten years after the radio equipment was placed on the market.
  • As an attestation of conformity, the manufacturer must affix a CE marking to the item of radio equipment or its data plate and packaging. The marking must be affixed visibly, legibly and indelibly. If a notified body has been consulted in the assessment of conformity, the CE marking must be followed by the identification number of the notified body.
  • The radio equipment must bear, the type, batch or serial number or other element allowing its identification in addition to the CE marking.
  • The radio frequencies used and the maximum transmission power must be specified with a radio transmitter.
  • Unambiguous and comprehensible instructions and safety information in Finnish and Swedish at the very least must be supplied with radio equipment placed on the Finnish market. The instructions must include the information needed for using the radio equipment for its intended use. The information must include a description of any accessories and additional components, including software, that make it possible to use the radio equipment for its intended use. The instructions supplied with radio equipment must also specify the EU Member States in which there are restrictions on the use of the equipment or its use requires a licence.
  • The manufacturer must specify its name and contact information on each item of radio equipment or packaging or a document supplied with the radio equipment.

To protect the health and safety of users, the manufacturer must carry out sample testing of radio equipment placed on the market and investigate complaints, non-conforming radio equipment and radio equipment recalls as well as keep a register of them and inform distributors of all such supervision, if necessary.

More information about the obligations for different operators:

Obligations for all economic operators

Obligations for importers

Obligations for distributors 


Key words: Spectrum , Conformity , Radio equipment , Guidelines

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