Obligations for distributors

The distributor of radio equipment must ensure the conformity of the equipment and ensure that all of the required documentation, information and markings are supplied with the equipment.

Distributor means any natural or legal person in the supply chain, other than a manufacturer or an importer, who makes radio equipment available on the market.

Distributors of radio equipment are considered equal to the manufacturer and are subject to the same obligations as the manufacturer of radio equipment when they place radio equipment on the market under their own name or trademark, or modify radio equipment already placed on the market in a way that may affect its conformity.

The obligations for distributors are laid down in the Information Society Code 917/2014 (in Finnish). Certain obligations are imposed on all economic operators.

Before including an item of radio equipment in its product range, a distributor must ensure that the manufacturer and importer of the radio equipment have ensured that

  • the radio equipment can be used in accordance with the requirements for the use of radio frequencies in at least one EU Member State.
  • each item of radio equipment is accompanied with an EU declaration of conformity
  • the radio equipment bears a CE marking
  • the radio equipment bears a type, batch or serial number or other element allowing its identification.
  • the contact information for both the manufacturer and importer is specified on the radio equipment, packaging or document.
  • Unambiguous and comprehensible instructions and safety information in Finnish and Swedish at the least must be supplied with radio equipment. The instructions must include the information needed for using the radio equipment for its intended use. The information must include a description of any accessories and additional components, including software, that make it possible to use the radio equipment for its intended use. The instructions supplied with radio equipment must also specify the EU Member States in which there are restrictions on the use of the equipment or its use requires a licence.
  • information about the frequencies used and maximum transmission power are accompanied with radio transmitters

The distributor must also ensure that, if necessary, the manufacturer and importer carry out sample testing of radio equipment placed on the market to protect the health and safety of users and investigate complaints, non-conforming radio equipment and radio equipment recalls as well as keep a register of them and inform distributors of all such supervision.

The distributor of radio equipment must ensure that when the radio equipment is under the distributor's responsibility, its storage and transport conditions do not jeopardise the conformity of the radio equipment.

More information about the obligations for different operators:

Obligations for all economic operators 

Obligations for manufacturers

Obligations for importers

Key words: Spectrum , Conformity , Radio equipment , Guidelines

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