Buying and using radio equipment
Country-specific restrictions must also be taken into account when using radio equipment. In Finland, the possession and use of radio equipment requires a licence, unless the equipment is separately exempted from licensing.
When you are buying radio equipment, check the following:
- The equipment and packaging bear the CE marking.
- The equipment is accompanied with the manufacturer's EU declaration of conformity, with which the manufacturer declares that the equipment is in compliance with the essential requirements. For example, it can be a sentence printed on the manual: “Hereby, [Name of manufacturer] declares that the radio equipment type [designation of type of radio equipment] is in compliance with Directive 2014/53/EU."
- Are there restrictions on the use of the equipment in Finland (information about restrictions on use on the packaging or manual or from the seller)
- If there are restrictions on using the equipment in Finland, check whether you will need a radio licence, for example, or whether using the equipment in Finland is permitted.
- It is important that your radio equipment operates on the correct frequency. Radio equipment operating on wrong frequencies can interfere with other radio communications, or your radio equipment can be subject to interference from other radio equipment.
Examples of equipment that may not be used in Finland due to wrong frequency:
- 49 MHz and 72 MHz radio-controlled cars, drones and toys
- 1.2 GHz wireless cameras
- FRS (family radio service), GMRS (general mobile radio service)
- 433 MHz LPD (low power device)
- 444 MHz KDR radiotelephones (kortdistanseradio, short distance radio)
- Wireless DECT telephones intended for the US market
Operating frequencies of equipment for example:
- 27 MHz radio-controlled toys, wireless keyboard and mouse
- 433 MHz car locking remote fob
- 446 MHz PMR446 radiotelephone
- 2.4 GHz wireless headphones, WLAN router, radio-controlled toys
If the above-mentioned information is not available or it is not correct, you should not buy the radio equipment.
When you buy radio equipment from outside the EU, you are responsible for the equipment and any radio interference caused by it. Non-compliant devices that, for example, have excessive radiated power or operate on wrong frequencies may cause a risk of interference to other users of radio equipment. Some foreign online stores may sell models with excessive radiated power but importing, reselling and using such devices is prohibited in Finland. FICORA supervises the use of frequencies and investigates radio interference.
Most radio equipment, such as WLAN, mobile phones, tablet computers and radio-controlled toys can be used without a licence issued by FICORA. The use of certain types of radio equipment, such as maritime VHF radiotelephones, VHF/UHF radiotelephones and FM radio transmitters requires a radio licence issued by FICORA. Information about restrictions on use must be indicated on the packaging and instructions. The seller must also inform the buyer that a licence is required.
An annual frequency fee is charged for the licence. Licences are only issued to compliant equipment.
Software updates of radio equipment must not make them non-compliant with the applicable standards (e.g. increase their transmission power).