FICORA, former Telecommunications Administration Centre, was established in 1988 to fulfil the need to separate the sector's authority and business activities from one another at a time when competition in the telecommunications sector was arising. The development was taken into consideration in the Telecommunications Act of 1987, as well as in the Radio Act of 1988.
FICORA (TAC) was built on four units: the Radio Inspection Office within the Radio Division of the Posts and Telecommunications of Finland; TV Licence Centre, a special unit within the Posts and Telecommunications; Telecommunications Inspection Division within the Ministry of Transport and Communications, and the Finnish Broadcasting Company's TV Licence Inspection Division. Approval of telecommunications devices was transferred from operators to the new central agency.
In early 1990, the Posts and Telecommunications of Finland became a state-owned company. The Act on Postal Services entered into force in 1994, which separated the postal administration and business operations from one another. FICORA became responsible for the supervision of the compliance with the Act and the provisions issued under it. The related activities of the former Post and Telecommunications were transferred to FICORA.
As communications and information society matters gained importance, the Telecommunications Administration Centre developed into a general administrative authority for electronic communications and information society services. The former name no longer corresponded to the authority's responsibilities or the ever-extending sector. It was decided at the end of 2000 that the name would be changed, and the new name was adopted in September 2001.
The communications markets have undergone a major transformation since FICORA was established. The key change factors have been, for example, the strong growth of the internet and mobile communications services, as well as globalisation. Also, electronic services and e-business have introduced new challenges.
The ongoing convergence of telecommunications, information technology and media communications is among the biggest transformation in the sector's history. The convergence is promoted by, for example, the strong growth of the internet and digitalisation of radio and television networks, which enables the use of networks in other communications.