Technical non-compliances found in radio controlled toys
Radio controlled toys include radio controlled vehicles and boats as well as remotely piloted aircraft systems (RPAS). Toys refer to equipment designed for use by children under 14 years of age. They are short range devices operating on unlicensed frequency bands which are in parallel use by many other users, too. Radio controlled toys most commonly work on 27 MHz, 40 MHz, 868 MHz, 2.4 GHz and 5.8 GHz frequency bands.
A total of 111 radio controlled toys were tested during the campaign. Around 40 per cent of the examined equipment did not fulfil the technical requirements set for them. The non-compliances were mainly related to the emission of radio signals outside of the permitted frequency band. Radio equipment transmitting on a wrong frequency band may interfere with other radio equipment. Furthermore, non-compliances were found in the documents, such as Declarations of Conformity, and markings of the radio equipment. A Declaration of Conformity must always be provided with radio equipment.
As RPAS are becoming more popular and the market is growing, FICORA selected four remotely piloted copters and model aircraft classified as toys for the campaign. The devices operated mainly in the popular 2.4 GHz frequency band. Some of the examined devices had technical non-compliances. FICORA prohibited the sales and import of two examined models. A formal notice regarding one model was issued to the importer.
The campaign was carried out by ADCO RED, which is a cooperation group of market surveillance authorities for radio equipment founded by the European Commission.
A manufacturer of radio equipment must draw up a Declaration of Conformity for the equipment. Importers and distributors have an obligation to ensure that buyers and users receive the manufacturer's Declaration of Conformity with the product and that a CE marking is attached to the equipment. Therefore, when buying radio equipment, it is recommended to check that the equipment has a CE marking and a Declaration of Conformity.
FICORA is responsible for market surveillance of radio equipment in Finland. Surveillance campaigns targeted at selected equipment groups are carried out annually. If clear non-compliances are found, FICORA may prohibit the equipment from being sold and imported.
Campaign report: 8th MSC under R&TTE on radio controlled toys
Milla Kuokkanen, Radio Inspection Specialist, tel. +358 295 390 354
Ritva Suurnäkki, Senior Specialist, tel. +358 295 390 645