New rules for radio equipment - better equipment for users
The free movement of goods is one of the fundamental principles and objectives of the internal market of the European Union. The Radio Equipment Directive, which is applied as of 13 June 2016, defines harmonized requirements for radio equipment available on the EU market. The new requirements ensure the protection of safety of users of radio equipment as well as protection against harmful interference. The Finnish Communications Regulatory Authority (FICORA) is responsible for market surveillance of radio equipment in Finland.
The number of radio equipment is constantly increasing whereas the amount of available radio frequencies is limited. The new requirements take better account of the increasing amount of various wireless equipment. New tighter requirements are imposed on certain types of radio equipment, such as receivers and electrical equipment which includes a radio component. These requirements ensure the interference-free interoperability of equipment using radio frequencies. For instance, smart phones, central locking systems of cars and household appliances with an inbuilt radio component for wireless communication are radio equipment. The resilience requirements for receivers-only, such as broadcasting receivers, are also tightened. The European Commission is empowered to adopt delegated acts under the new rules, specifying requirements for ensuring that radio equipment interworks with accessories or for ensuring the compliance of combinations of radio equipment and software.
The reform clarifies the responsibility for conformity of products through the entire distribution chain, including the responsibilities of importers and traders. Importers and traders of radio equipment shall ensure that radio equipment, which is available for end users, does not suffer from interference from other equipment or cause harmful interference to others. If in some Member States there are restrictions for putting radio equipment into service, information about these restrictions must be attached to the equipment. Furthermore, buyers shall receive with the equipment sufficient instructions and safety information, as well as information about the frequency bands in which the radio equipment operates and its maximum transmitted power. The contact information of manufacturers and importers shall also be indicated in order to promote traceability of products. Importers and traders shall cooperate with FICORA and provide it with the information it has requested.
Manufacturers of radio equipment shall draw up an EU Declaration of Conformity for radio equipment. Importers and traders shall for their part ensure that buyers receive a Declaration of Conformity with radio equipment. Furthermore, importers and traders shall ensure that the CE marking is affixed to the equipment. Consumers should check that the radio equipment they purchase is CE marked and that the equipment has a Declaration of Conformity. The compliance of radio equipment is in everyone's interest.
The Radio Equipment Directive (RED) is applicable in the entire EU as of 13 June 2016. In Finland the provisions of the RED were transposed by amendments to national laws, which came into force on 20 June 2016.
The RED allows manufacturers of radio equipment a one-year transitory period (13 June 2016 - 12 June 2017). Radio equipment made available on the EU market as of 13 June 2017 shall thus be fully compliant with the RED.
For further information please contact
Ritva Suurnäkki, Senior Advisor, tel. +358 295 390 645
Milla Kuokkanen, Radio Inspection Specialist, tel. +358 295 390 354
FICORA's email addresses are of the format firstname.lastname@example.org